Outdoor sports and bushfire smoke – February 2019

The following advice is for organisers of outdoor sporting or similar events during the ongoing bushfires in Tasmania. It is about smoke and exercise.
Background
Bushfires in Tasmania will continue to cause smoky conditions across the State. Smoke can come and go rapidly. Smoke depends on the closeness and activity of bushfires, wind direction and other
factors.
Health effects
Bushfire smoke can worsen chronic medical conditions, resulting in serious health effects including breathing difficulties and heart attacks.
Some people are at higher risk of harm from smoke than others. These include:
1. People with chronic illnesses, particularly asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, diabetes, angina or a previous heart attack
2. Older people (>65 years)
3. The young (<5 years)
4. Pregnant women

Harmful health effects from smoke may also rarely occur in people without any known risk factors.

If you exercise you breath in much more smoke, up to 10 to 20 times more when running.

Participants in higher risk groups must review their participation in the context of their own health and the air quality on the day.

Advice about air quality on the day of the event
You should review local conditions on the day of the event to guide your decisions.
You can access information on real-time air quality information about specific locations from the
EPA website:
https://epa.tas.gov.au/epa/air/monitoring-air-pollution/real-time-air-quality-data-for-tasmania
You may need to use the nearest location to your event to estimate your local conditions.

Air Quality Indicators Recommendations
Good • Smoke is barely visible or can be barely smelled on the day of the event

• Air monitoring (if available) shows a one hour average PM2.5 less than 25 μg/m 3

Provide the following advice to participants:

• Air quality may change and deteriorate during the event

Moderate • Smoke on the morning of the event is obvious

• Air monitoring (if available) shows a one hour average PM2.5 of 25 to 100 μg/m 3

Provide the following advice to participants:

• Exposure to bushfire smoke can cause serious health problems

• Exercise will increase exposure to the air pollution

• People in higher risk groups should not participate

• All participants should consider the possible health risks of participating

Poor • Smoke on the morning of the event is significant

• Air monitoring (if available) shows a one hour average PM2.5 greater than 100 μg/m 3

Organisers should consider cancelling or rescheduling the event.

More information
The Department of Health Outdoor Smoke and Your Health Factsheet provides more information and
contains links to information about air quality and personal health. This can be accessed from:
https://www.dhhs.tas.gov.au/publichealth/air/bushfire_smoke